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The pituitary gland is a pea-sized structure located just below your brain. Although it's small, this gland is really important because it's the control centre for your hormones.

Hormones are chemical messengers produced by one part of your body that tell other parts of your body what to do.

Click the buttons on the girl or boy below to see how the pituitary gland helps to control the way your body works.

GIRL
BOY
Created with Sketch.
Created with Sketch.
PITUITARY GLAND
PITUITARY GLAND
GH
Growth Hormone
Helps break down fat
Helps long bones and spine to grow
Controls growth, metabolism, development and other important body functions
PITUITARY GLAND
TSH
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
THYROID GLAND
Produces thyroxine
Controls growth, metabolism, development and other important body functions
PITUITARY GLAND
ADH
Antidiuretic Hormone
Controls water balance
KIDNEYS
PITUITARY GLAND
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
ADRENAL GLANDS
Produce several hormones including cortisol (steroid). Important for coping with illness, stress & injury. Also involved in salt balance and puberty
PITUITARY GLAND
FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone & LH Luteinising Hormone
OVARIES
Produce oestrogen necessary for puberty and ovulation; keeps bones strong and stops growth approximately 2 years from commencing puberty
PITUITARY GLAND
FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone & LH Luteinising Hormone
TESTICLES
LH stimulates the production of the male hormone testosterone, & FSH is important in sperm production. Together they control maturation during puberty, keep bones strong, and stop growth approximately 2 years from starting puberty
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The Pituitary Gland for Girls
The Pituitary Gland for Boys
Date of preparation: September 2020 UK20GH00082 This page is intended for members of the UK public. Cookie Policy Contact us